Oriental Institute Virtual Museum
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Nubia and Abu Simbel
The exhibit "Vanished Kingdoms of the Nile: the Rediscovery of Ancient Nubia" opened in February 1992. It highlights the history and culture of ancient Nubia (southern Egypt and northern Sudan) and the work of the Oriental Institute in that region. The Oriental Institute has been involved in research in Nubia since James Henry Breasted's epigraphic expedition of 1905-7, during which time the expedition photographed the major monuments of the region. Institute scholars returned to Nubia in 1962 as a part of the world wide Nubian salvage campaign sponsored by UNESCO in response to the building of the High Dam at Aswan which promised to drown most of Lower Nubia. The Institute excavated sites between the first and second cataracts, and today the Nubian collection, numbering some 5,000 objects, is one of the highlights of the Institute's permanent holdings.
The introduction to the exhibit discusses who the Nubians were and their relationship with Egypt; and the work of the Oriental Institute in recovering Nubian history and culture.
Revised: February 19, 2007