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Remote Sensing

Corona satellite image of a series of ancient tells

Corona satellite image of a series of ancient tells on the border of Syria and Turkey. One can see traces of the ancient route systems ("hollow ways") that connected the settlements. (U.S. Geological Survey, EROS Data Center, Sioux Falls, SD.) (click to enlarge)

declassified Coronoa spy satellite imagery

Overview of holdings of declassified Corona spy satellite imagery within the CAMEL core area of interet. These images were taken from 1963 to 1972 and cover a large portion of the densely populated areas of the Middle East.

Landsat ETM+ false color image

Landsat ETM+ false color image (4-1-2 composite) of the southwestern Delta of Egypt. (Global Land Cover Facility. U.S. Geological Survey, EROS Data Center, Sioux Falls, SD.)
(click to enlarge)

Landsat ETM+ overview

Overview of holdings of Landsat ETM+ imagery within the CAMEL core area of internet. These multi-spectral images include a panchromatic. 15m/pixel spatial resolution band.

Remote sensing refers to using technology to observe anything that cannot be perceived directly by the senses (typically the eyes). Telescopes, satellites, radar systems, hot air balloons, and magnetometers are all types of remote sensing platforms. CAMEL houses an immense collection of remote sensing imagery that has been obtained from public and commercial sources.

Our organization is also pioneering techniques in the application of remote sensing technologies, specifically advocating non- or minimally-destructive approaches to studying the historical landscape.

One of our primary datasets is an extensive collection of declassified U.S. spy satellite imagery, nicknamed Corona after one of the platforms in the Keyhole program. The Keyhole satellite reconnaissance program has delivered medium- to high-resolution views of various parts of the world since its 1960.

CAMEL has purchased and digitized over 1,100 declassified Corona images from the U.S. Geological Survey. Each scanned film negative image will be georectified so that it can be easily integrated within a Geographical Information System (GIS) with the thousands of maps and aerial photographs in our holdings.

We also provide an extensive collection of images from the Landsat satellites, which have been an integral part of the NASA space program since 1972. Landsat multispectral imagery allows one to visualize the landscape in the infrared portions of the EM spectrum. Viewing the Earth in this way, one can arrive at a nuanced understanding of a region's vegetation health, soil moisture, or land use. Historical features such as urban development, field boundaries, or relict hydrology present themselves in Landsat imagery.

Our library of modern, high resolution imagery such as Digital Globe Quickbird 2 and IKONOS is small but growing. We may be able to provide an archived image in your area of interest or acquire an image on your behalf. Our institutional connections and experience allows for educational discounts and speedy processing, whether you wish to task a satellite to acquire a new image or purchase an archived one. Please contact us about your professional goals to see what data we have that will suit your needs.

Revised: November 21, 2008

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