Oriental Institute Nubian Expedition (OINE)
Excavations Between Abu Simbel and the Sudan Frontier, Part 9: Noubadian X-Group Remains from Royal Complexes in Cemeteries Q and 219 and Private Cemeteries Q, R, V, W, B, J, and M at Qustul and Ballana.
B. B. Williams.
The excavations at these cemeteries provide a full range of X-Group objects, dated to the fourth through sixth centuries a.d. Of special interest is the military equipment, including many decorated quivers, parts of several unusual light composite bows, and a saddle date to the late fourth century. The most important discoveries were the complexes of chapels and animal sacrifice pits found beside royal tombs at Qustul. The arrangement of these Noubadian royal funerary complexes can be related to others in Sudan indicating the existence of a widespread and long-lasting funerary tradition.
- Oriental Institute Nubian Expedition 9
- Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 1991
- ISBN 0-918986-74-5
- Pp. xxxix + 501, 195 figures, 83 plates, 54 tables
- Clothbound 9 x 11.75 in / 23 x 30 cm
Revised: March 1, 2010